Pind daan is known to be the way of Mukti. Mukti means Free from the Circle of Life and death & rebirth.
In Vayupuran, according to a narration titled Gaya Mahatam, when creating mankind, Brahma created a demon named Gayasur. The demon went atop the kolahal Mountain and offered great penance to Lord Vishnu. Pleased with Gayasur, Lord Vishnu asked him to seek one blessing. So,Gayasur requested that whoever came in touch with him – be it an angel or a demon, an insect, a sinner, a saint or a sage, or an evil spirit – should find salvation after having been purified of all sins. From that day everyone who came in touch with him found salvation and proceeded to vaikunth (abode of Lord Vishnu).
It is believed that it was Lord Brahma who first performed the pind daan ceremony in Gaya. Since then this tradition has continued. Offering pind daan during the dark fortnight of Ashvin (coming 11 Sep to 27 Sep 2011) is of special significance. Symbolically a pind is a round ball made of a mixture of oats and rice flour with some sesame seeds mixed along with some milk and honey. Seven balls are made out of 100 grams of flour. Of these, one is offered to the deceased and the rest to others as desired.
Earlier pind daan was performed around the year. There were 360 platforms where pind daan was done with wheat and oat flour mixed with dried milk. Pind daan is also performed symbolically with mud balls. Presently pind daan is performed at Vishnu temple, Akshay,Vat,Phalgu and Punpun river, Ramkund, Sitakund, Brahm Mangalpuri, Kagbali, and with the five pilgrimages they together make 48 platforms where pind daan is performed.
In the Kurmpuran, 34/7-8, it is said:
“All forefathers appreciate a pilgrimage to Gaya by their successors. Once the pind daan is performed in Gaya, one achieves salvation. One becomes free of rebirth. If one visits Gaya even once and offers pind daan, the forefathers become free from hell and other dreadful destinations and achieve salvation.”
In the Kurmpuran it is also said that whoever goes to Gaya for pind daan is blessed and seven generations from the paternal and maternal side are benefited along with the personal self who achieves salvation.
Pitripaksha : Pitripaksha Mela is a fortnight-long festival of souls, a world event staged in Gaya is being organised every year which starts from the day of Anant Chaturdashi of Bhadra Shuklapaksh and ends on pratipada of Ashwin Shuklapaksha according to the Hindi Calendar(Which comes generally in September & October every year). This Mela is very important for religious, mythological & historical reasons. A large number of Pilgrims belonging to Sanatan Hindu religions visit Gaya every year to offer “Pinda” for obtaining Moksh for their ancestors and for this reason they offer “Pinda” & perform religions ceremonies on “54 Vedis” located at Vishnupad Temple, Falgu River, Akshaywat & various other places. It is believed that performing “Pindadan” in Gaya in the “Pitripaksh” helps in attaining Moksha to the souls of the ancestors. Thousands and thousands of pilgrims from different parts of the country and neighbor countries such as NEPAL & BANGLADESH, and all the Hindus spreaded around the world perform the “PINDADAAN” ritual at these points.
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